Exoplanet of Solar System Made up of Diamond [Tested]

Exoplanet of Solar System Made up of Diamond [Tested]
Researchers found that exoplanets may be made up of silicon and diamond. This picture shows the expected model of diamond containing exoplanets. Image credit: James M. Patterson

A recent study by researchers at Arizona State University and the University of Chicago found that outer solar systems' exoplanet is made up of carbon elements such as diamonds and silica.

The researchers say that these exoplanets are opposite to our solar system. 

Scientists are doing many tests to know the specialty of this exoplanet so that scientists can know the secret of an exoplanet in addition to our solar system. Scientists have designed an exoplanet to test it.


Exoplanet Made up of Diamond 

According to planetary science, it is believed that any solar system, when stars and planets are formed, they are formed by the same gas cloud. This means that the compositions of any solar system are the same.

Our solar system is an example of this. Our solar systems like Earth are made up of stars with low carbon to oxygen ratio. Hence life has become possible on planets like Earth.

Scientists say that the diamond content of the Earth is about 0.001 percent.


However, there are more likely to be carbon-rich exoplanets around stars with higher carbon-oxygen ratios. 

The researchers, therefore, hypothesized that if these carbon-rich exoplanets could turn carbon into diamonds, and if water was present, they could form diamond-rich compositions.

Exoplanet of Solar System Made up of Diamond [Tested]


Experiment 

To test this hypothesis, researchers have mimicked the interior of an exoplanet using high heat and high pressure with high carbon content. 

In this experiment, he first immersed the silicon carbide in water and then compressed the sample between diamonds under high pressure to monitor the reaction between silicon carbide and water. 

Simultaneously conducted laser heating and X-rays were measured while they heated the laser at high pressure. The carbide then reacted with water and changed to diamond and silica due to high heat and pressure.


Experiment Conclusion 

With this experiment, researchers say that carbon-rich planets do not have any properties to make life possible.

He did not expect to get life from this experiment, but he found a new direction in understanding the world of an exoplanet and solar system.

Scientists believe that the more they learn about exoplanet, the better they will be able to interpret new data from future missions such as the James Webb Space Telescope.


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